The Polar Music Prize 2013 is awarded to Youssou N’Dour from Senegal. A West African griot is not just a singer, but a story teller, poet, singer of praise, entertainer and verbal historian. Youssou N’Dour is maintaining the griot tradition and has shown that it can also be changed into a narrative about the entire world. With his exceptionally exuberant band Super Étoile de Dakar (Dakar Star) and his musically ground breaking and political solo albums, Youssou N’Dour has worked to reduce animosities between his own religion, Islam, and other religions. His voice encompasses an entire continent’s history and future, blood and love, dreams and power.

What all of us Africans share is much more important than what we don't share.

Youssou N'Dour
Chapter: The Griot heritage

The griot heritage

Youssou N’Dour, was born 1959 in Dakar, Senegal. His mother had roots within the griot culture and taught young N’Dour the musical skills of that tradition. A griot is a storyteller, poet and musician who perpetuates the oral tradition and history of a village or family.

Youssou N´Dour & Le Super Étoile de Dakar playing at TFF Rudolstadt
Youssou N´Dour & Super Étoile de Dakar playing at TFF Rudolstadt. (Photo: Schorle, via Wikimedia Commons)
A griot from Senegal in a traditional ceremonial dress
A griot from Senegal in a traditional ceremonial dress, around 1890. (Photo: Illustration from Côte occidentale d'Afrique by Colonel Frey)
A Griot performs at Diffa, Niger, West Africa
A griot performs at Diffa, Niger, West Africa. (Photo: Roland/Flickr/Wikimedia)
Album from 1995, Voices of the Heart of Africa with the great Yandé Codou Sène
Album from 1995, Voices of the Heart of Africa with the great Yandé Codou Sène, music in the pure Senegalese griot tradition. (Photo: Network/Rovi)
Chapter: Star band de Dakar

Star band de Dakar

At the age of 12, N’Dour started to perform during gatherings and celebrations and his talent and amazing voice quickly gave him the opportunity to perform regularly with Star band de Dakar. The band was formed in the 1960s to celebrate the independence of Senegal, and it quickly became very popular at the night clubs of Dakar, playing Cuban dance music. Youssou N’Dour’s unique voice, tone and pitch together with his young age made him popular all across Senegal.

Album cover for the second Star band de Dakar album with a young Youssou N’Dour singing. Source: &
Artists inspired by the Griot storytelling and musical heritage. (View Playlist on Spotify)
Chapter: M'balax

Étoile de Dakar and M'balax

N’Dour moved on from Star band and founded Étoile de Dakar with El Hadji Faye in 1978. Afro-cuban music was very popular at that time in Senegal and N’Dour felt the need to go back to of a more local but modern urban music. Inspired by the French influence of variété, jazz, soul and rhythm n’ blues and mixing it with traditional sabar rhythms and lyrics in wolof, the m’balax movement was born. M’balax music was played with both traditional instruments (such as sabar drums, tama des Laobés, djembe) and modern electric ones (guitar, bass, keyboards…). Dancers began using moves associated with sabar, and tipping the singers as if they were traditional griots. The mix was successful and the senegalese audience easily felt the connections with their older national culture.

Compilation of M’balax artists (View Playlist on Spotify)
Traditional sabar drums from Senegal
Traditional sabar drums from Senegal (Photo: Photo by Michael Brouwer)
First album from Étoile de Dakar, Xalis, 1978
First album from Étoile de Dakar, Xalis, 1978 (Photo:
Chapter: Super Étoile de Dakar

Super Étoile de Dakar

Étoile de Dakar split up in 1981 and Youssou N’Dour founded Super Étoile de Dakar, who continued to spread the m’balax movement. SED performed for the first time in Europe in 1984, for the Africa Fête, an African cultural festival in Paris which welcomed the pioneers of afro-rock, Osibisa and Youssou N’Dour. The show was a triumph, and the tour continued into Germany, England, Sweden, Finland, Norway and Switzerland. In France, he made contact with the Celluloïd label who started to release Youssou N’Dour’s records worldwide.

Marc Samb, the excellent trumpet player from SED, who passed away in 1982.
Super Etoile de Dakar (View Playlist on Spotify)
A dancer from a Super Etoile de Dakar show at the TFF Rudolstadt festival in 2011
A dancer from a Super Etoile de Dakar show at the TFF Rudolstadt festival in 2011. (Photo: Schorle/Wikimedia Commons)
Cover Youssou N'Dour
Diakarlo 83, (1983)
Chapter: International recognition

International recognition

The idol of Senegal rapidly became the ambassador for African music and went to promote it across the Atlantic for a three week North American tour in 1986. This was a further success and the American press agreed upon the talent and amazing performances of the showman Youssou N’Dour. Artists Paul Simon and Peter Gabriel rapidly discovered the band and its front man. Youssou N’Dour collaborated with Simon on Graceland and Gabriel on So. Super Étoile de Dakar toured as opening act for Peter Gabriel during his world tour for So. It was during his global tour of 1988 with stars such as Sting, Peter Gabriel and Tracy Chapman that Youssou N’dour finally hit centre stage. The concerts were given on behalf of Amnesty International and this adventure completely changed his image and from a national icon he became a world-wide star.

"Shakin' the tree" (1990) with Peter Gabriel, a song about women's conditions around the world.

Worldwide success

In 1991 Youssou N’Dour was signed to director and actor Spike Lee’s label 40 Acres & A Mule. Spike Lee’s mission with his label was to “enlarge the legacy of great African-American music” which of course matched N’Dour’s musical intentions.

Spike Lee in 2007, Photo by Hans Reitzema, Source: Wikimedia Commons

The first release Eyes Open, produced by N’Dour in his studio Xippi Studio in Dakar and featuring Super Etoile, got a Grammy Nomination. His ultimate world wide recognition came with album The Guide, released in 1994, including the major hit duet with Neneh Cherry, “Seven Seconds.” The single reached number one in several European countries and remained number one for 16 weeks in the French singles charts, un record!

"Seven Seconds", a major hit duet by Youssou N'Dour and Neneh Cherry

In 1993, Youssou N’Dour tries out another aspect of his creativity when his opera Africa Opera premiered at the Opéra Garnier in Paris. The opera was a spectacle around the theme of African identity and featured Angélique Kidjo, Aïcha Kone and Djanka Diabaté. An exceptional event in a highly traditional but still magnificent environment.

Chapter: Allah Egypte


In November 2003, Youssou released an album that was radically different from his previous works. It was first released on cassette in Senegal with the title Sant Allah. The album was a mix of acoustic and mystic ballads, versions of Islamic songs. Sant Allah was recorded with the Egyptian Fathy Salama Orchestra and inspired by N’Dour’s long lasting idol Egyptian singer Umm Kulthum.

Umm Kulthum, probably around 1968. When Kulthum passed away in 1975, her funeral was one of the largest public gatherings in the history of the Middle East. N’Dour saw what he already sensed: that one person could have the ability to bring together a volatile and divided region by harnessing the power of music. (Photographer unknown)

After having worked for several years with connecting traditional Senegalese music to to a more modern sound, Youssou N’Dour felt the need to now prove the attachment to his spiritual roots, as a practising Sufi Muslim.

Allah-Egypte was released under the name Egypte on Nonesuch records in 2004. (View Playlist on Spotify)

On 22 May 2004, Youssou N’Dour organised a big concert event at Bercy stadium in Paris, at the same time as Sant Allah was released on CD on the international music scene, now renamed Allah-Egypte. The album proved to be a huge hit, selling over 400,000 copies worldwide and won a Grammy Award in 2005 for Best Contemporary World Music Album of the Year.

Cheikh Lo & Youssou N'dour perform "Guiss Guiss", a praise song, backstage at the Glastonbury festival 1997..
Mahdiyu Laye & Tijaniyya, from the suite Egypt by Youssou N'Dour at the Polar Music Prize ceremony in August 2013.
Chapter: Media man and politician

The media man and politician

Youssou N’Dour has been called one of the most influential personalities from the African continent. He is a cultural profile in his country and has worked hard to spread West African culture around the world and to actively make changes in his own country. In 2003 he founded Groupe Futurs Médias based in Dakar. The company owns the biggest newspaper in Senegal L’Observateur, a radio station Radio Futurs Médias (RFM) and a TV Channel Télévision Futurs Médias. He has his own recording studio Xippi Studio in Dakar and his own record label Jololi since 1995, his sister is the CEO of the label. From April 2012 to October 2012, he was Senegal’s Minister of Tourism and Culture, and from October 2012 to September 2013 he was Minister of Tourism and Leisure.

Intro for Youssou N'Dour's concert at Paris Bercy, Le Grand Bal in 2001.
Chapter: Unity

Unity to the African continent

Youssou N’Dour’s aim with his music has been to bring unity to the African continent. As a man of the media and a fighter for citizens’ rights Youssou N’Dour is well aware of the political importance of origins, different cultures and music. Youssou N’Dour sees himself today as a modern griot, telling the story of west african culture to the world.

He has been active in different causes, – from wiping out the African debt to the battle against malaria. In 1985 he organized a concert for the release of Nelson Mandela. In March 2005, Youssou was active on the fund-raising front, co-organising Africa Live, a collective concert against malaria for the organisation Roll back Malaria.

Poster for the documentary about the Roll Back Malaria concert project Source: Alliance Française Saint Lucia

Africa Live was staged in Dakar and featured performances by an impressive number of African stars including Tiken Jah Fakoly, Corneille, Manu Dibango and the Orchestra Baobab. N’Dour is also involved in Project Joko, an initiative to open Internet cafes throughout Africa, the Stock Exchange of Visions Project, and Darfur relief.

A portrait of Youssou N'Dour from CCTV Africa.
Chapter: The Polar Music Prize

Stockholm, August 2013

Youssou N’Dour participated at the Polar Music Talks on August 26 at Rigoletto in Stockholm, where he was interviewed by John Paul Jones together with fellow Laureate Kaija Saariaho. On the evening after the Polar Music Prize ceremony, he did a spectacular show with his band Super Étoile de Dakar at the Concert Hall. At the ceremony he was honoured by among others Neneh Cherry, his singing companion on world wide hit 7 Seconds from 1994 and Swedish hip hop artist Timbuktu.

Youssou N’Dour & Super Étoile de Dakar Band performing at Stockholm Concert Hall
Youssou N'Dour and the Super Étoile de Dakar Band (Photo: © Polar Music Prize/Patrik Österberg/All Over Press)
Youssou N'Dour performing at Stockholm Concert Hall in August 2013
Youssou N'Dour and the Super Étoile de Dakar Band (Photo: © Polar Music Prize/Patrik Österberg/All Over Press)
Youssou N’Dour & Super Étoile de Dakar Band with John Paul Jones at Stockholm Concert Hall in August 2013
Youssou N'Dour and the Super Étoile de Dakar Band with Polar Music Prize Laureate John Paul Jones in a guest appearance. (Photo: © Polar Music Prize/Patrik Österberg/All Over Press)
John Paul Jones, member of Led Zeppelin and himself Polar Music Prize Laureate, interviews the Laureates of 2013 at the Polar Music Talks, August 26, 2013.
Neneh Cherry and Carlou D together with the Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra: "7 Seconds"
Youssou N'Dour with his Polar Music Prize at the award ceremony
Youssou N'Dour on stage at the ceremony (Photo: © Polar Music Prize)
Timbuktu performing at the Polar Music Prize award ceremony 2013
Timbuktu performing at the ceremony (Photo: © Polar Music Prize)
Takou Ligey playing at the entrance of the Concert Hall
Takou Ligey played at the entrance of the Concert Hall (Photo: © Polar Music Prize)